The concept of Trinity seems to figure with surprising regularity in most major world religions. Christianity has its Father, Son and the Holy Ghost. Hinduism revolves around the Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva holy trinity. Even Buddhism has its three jewels – Buddha, Dharma and Sangha, and the Jains recognize the Trinity of samyag-darsana (correct insight), samyag-jnana (correct knowledge), and samyag-caritra (correct conduct). Not to be left behind, Kabbalah, the mystical branch of Judaism, describes the Supernal Triad of Kether, Chokmah and Binah.
For most of us, immersed in the practice and theory of transforming legacy businesses and companies into digital, Digital Transformation is a religion too. It too demands its own sets of codified rules (see The Ten Commandments of Digital Transformation) it has its Gods and role models, its Holy Books, its cults and followers, and it also has its own Holy Trinity.
Brahma and Business Models
Brahma, the First God, is the Creator, and while he did not create the primordial universe, he created all its forms so, he is also called Svyambhu, the Self-Created.
In the same manner, perhaps the purest form of digital transformation is the creation of a new digitally-enabled business model. Most traditional or legacy companies are what can be called ‘pipe’ companies. There is cost at one end, and revenue is realised at the other along the way, value is added in terms of product, branding, distribution, packaging, etc. and a ‘value-chain’ is created. The traditional rules of business apply, the factors of production at the cost end are people, capital, land, etc. and they need to be optimised and managed, so as to create maximum value-added at the other end.
New digitally enabled business models upend this linear model. These models are the ‘platform’ models, which have both cost and revenue at each end. Suppliers and consumers are on both sides, are interchangeable, and matched by data and algorithms. Cases in point is Airbnb, which is an asset-light, data-heavy platform model as opposed to a Marriott which is a pipe model. Platform models scale shockingly fast, as a famous tweet from Airbnb founder, Brian Chesky reveals: “Marriott wants to add 30,000 rooms this year. We will add that in the next 2 weeks.” This super-scalability (think Uber) enables hyper growth, high RoIs and massive disruption.
Traditional businesses need to embrace these disruptive business models, before something comes from outside to disrupt them. Take Trringo for example – an ‘Uber for Tractors’ set up by the very successful tractors and farm equipment business of Mahindra, or GM scrambling to invest in platform models with its Lyft investment.
Brahma is not a popular God, since his worship demands extreme concentration and dedication. So does the religion of new business model creation – it demands patience, rigour, experimentation and, above all, a lot data and customer insight. It is no wonder, therefore, that Brahma’s consort is Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge.
Vishnu and Customer Experience
Vishnu is the Preserver, a very popular God, who is responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of the world.
For businesses today, there has been one fundamental change with their consumer: her online and offline identity has become one and the same, and she moves between both these worlds seamlessly. Think Uber again: in your journey from booking a cab to finally exiting it, you have traversed the online and offline world multiple times, seamlessly. Most legacy companies, on the other hand, tend to treat the online and offline worlds differently, and have different products, pricing, look and feel for both: so, the online and offline customer experiences are remarkably different.
To act like a digital company, however, the business has to think of the entire customer journey and map it, figure out delight and pain points in the journey, and use multiple digital interventions in the as-is journey to make it more delightful, painless and seamless. In the earlier world, an auto company thought that its customer journey begun when the customer entered their showroom, or did a test drive until when she sold the car. However, the real journey of the customer is from the time she thought of buying a car (most often triggered online) to when she is thinking of buying the next one! And the customer experience must be managed across this entire journey.
Digital companies do this brilliantly well, as a core part of their DNA. The companies which provide superior customer experience win. Amazon has become what it has by obsessively focusing on the customer experience. For these companies, the customer experience becomes their loyalty program you will not go back from Uber to a normal taxi, not because you get loyalty points in Uber, but because you have been captured by the customer experience they provide.
Vishnu, the lord who maintains the world, has many avatars, much like our customer has. His consort is Lakshmi, the Goddess of Wealth, and that is what comes to the businesses which do a stellar job to manage customer experience.
Shiva and the People
Arguably, Shiva, the God of Destruction, is the most popular one in the pantheon, but also the most angry and temperamental. He is also the most feared and worshipped.
Much like Shiva, this part of the trinity of Digital Transformation is the most important. Digital companies are not distinguished by the products they build, or the technologies they flaunt – it is the culture and the DNA that marks them out. A culture which encourages experimentation and celebrates failure, where people are encouraged to’ break things and move on’, and where ‘done is better than perfect’. It is a culture of hustle and innovation, of managing ecosystems rather than competition and building products which create cult following among customers, much like Shiva does.
For a legacy company, the single most important and most difficult thing is to change the culture of its people. To do that, many times the existing structures, design and cultures have to be demolished and destroyed, and a new organisation and culture needs to be set up from scratch – much like Shiva, who does not destroy for the sake of destruction, but he destroys to recreate. Digital transformation essentially happens between the two ears of people, and to make that happen, sometimes Shiva’s tandava dance of destruction has to be performed. It is the most difficult part of digital transformation also, an art as well as a science, and it is no wonder that Shiva is a mystical God. It is also not coincidental that Shiva’s consort is Parvati, the Goddess of Power, destruction and most importantly, transformation!
While there are many important levers and aspects of digital transformation, the Holy Trinity is sacrosanct and must be followed in different forms and manner. In Hindu mythology, however, there is a school of thought where Shiva is considered to be everything by his devotees – the creator, the preserver, and the destroyer. And similar is the case in digital transformation: it is the people and culture which can do all the three, and is the most important factor in any digital transformation journey.
Jaspreet is the Founder of Digital Matters, an advisory firm in the areas of Digital Transformation, Blockchain and the Future of Work. He is also a partner of Singularity University in India, a Digital Transformation and Technology Advisor to several companies, and a leading Speaker, Author and Teacher on Digital.
Until recently, Jaspreet was the Senior Vice President- Digital Transformation, (equivalent to the Chief Digital Officer), of the $20bn Mahindra Group of Companies. Jaspreet is a Digital Advisor to Mahindra companies, Adjunct Advisor to IDC, and the Emerging Technologies Advisor to Internet and Mobile Association of India.
He sits on the Advisory Board of AI firm Findability Sciences, and a host of Blockchain, IoT and other technology startups in India and overseas. His digital transformation experience spans across Agritech, Real Estate, Next-gen Social Networks, Hospitality, Auto and Financial Services.
Jaspreet is also a thought-leader in the Blockchain space, and he has built Proof of Concepts and products based on this technology. He is on the Advisory Board of Blockchained India, India’s largest Blockchain community, is invested in few Blockchain start-ups, and mentors the Blockchain Group for IAMAI. He has delivered a platform-leading TEDx talk on Blockchain.
Jaspreet started his career with the Tata Group, as a part of the elite Tata Administrative Services, where he led functions and businesses in FMCG and Telecom. He was part of the team which started up Baazee.com (now EBAY India), a Regional Director at Microsoft India, and the entrepreneur-CEO of AskMe. Jaspreet is quite active across the tech start-up ecosystem, and has invested, advised, mentored and incubated many tech start-ups.
Jaspreet has delivered keynotes and speeches on Digital Transformation, Blockchain and the Future or Work at 200+ company gatherings, customer meets, Boards and CXO groups, and at multiple industry forums (NASSCOM, IAMAI, TiE, IMA, etc.).
He also lectures and teaches Digital Disruption and Transformation and Blockchain at IIMA, IIML, ISB, SP Jain, as well as the PGPX courses of Berkeley, Yale and USC. He writes extensively on Digital Transformation, Blockchain, Agritech, Platform Business models, the Future of Work and AI.
Jaspreet is an accredited Leadership Coach (PCC – ICF) and has over 1000 hours of CXO coaching under his belt. Mint and SAP recognised Jaspreet with the inaugural ‘Digitalist of the Year’ award in 2017.
His first book on digital transformation and technology, called The Tech Whisperer, published by Penguin Random House was launched on September 30, 2019.